Mapping tools to types of activity

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As part of a three-day CLICKS workshop on Learning Design I created a new section on tools to support diferent types of activities. I classified them as tools to support the following types of activities:

  • Presentation
  • Communication
  • Collaboration
  • Brainstorming and concept mapping
  • Reflection
  • Feedback
  • Assessment
  • Recording
  • Voting
  • Annotation
  • Curation
  • File sharing

Table 1 lists examples of tools under each category. I also provided tips and hints for ensuring these tools are well used. For presentations I suggested the following. Include an outline for the talk. Keep text short. Add a relevant image with a URL to the source. Use bitly/com to shorten URLs. Use an appropriate background so there is a contrast with the text. Check spelling and grammar. Have a logical structure and a clear message. Include a summary and if relevant include references.  

 

For supporting effective moderation I suggested the following. Have a clear introduction. Avoid questions that are likely to lead to yes/no answers.  Guide the discussion and summarise at key points and encourage reflection. Keep an eye on back channels. Keep to time and consider recording key points.

 

Collaboration is about working with others to achieve a common goal, with a shared vision and purpose. I suggested the following as the benefits of working collaboratively. Firstly, it is important to have clear communication, with trust and respect. Secondly, it is useful to assign roles and have a clear division of labour.

 

I listed the following as the benefits of brainstorming and concept mapping. Firstly, it is useful as a way of generating ideas on a topic. Secondly, it can be done individually or as a group. Thirdly, it is a way of building on the ideas of others. Fourthly, ideas can be grouped. Finally it is a way of generating solutions to a problem.

 

Thinking about and reflecting on what you have learnt is known to be an important aspect of learning; I suggested the following benefits of reflection. An online journal or blog can be to collect ideas and thoughts. It is a mechanism to relate new concepts to prior experiences, and a means of critically evaluating of the learning experience. It can lead to the development of an action plan.

 

There are four types of feedback: diagnostic, formative, summative and peer review. Benefits include the fact that it can help learners understand and gives them guidance on how to improve their learning. It is also a mechanism to have evidence of achievement of learning outcomes, leading to accreditation.

 

Recording can bring resources to life; audio and video can enhance the text. Students can listen/watch numerous times, can stop and rewind and can take notes. Video can be used to provide a welcoming message or to demonstrate something. Audio can be used to record a lecture or to provide personalised feedback.

 

Another way of introducing interactivity is by using vorting or response tools. These can be used to check class understanding, to provide formative feedback, to check students’ preparation for a class, or can be used to stimulate debate. Arguably they not only make lectures more interactive, but also to enhance learning and motivation. Feedback from students can be used to adapt content to meet their particular needs.

 

Annotation is a powerful tool for enably deeper and more active forms of reading, which is likely to result in more knowledge being retained. Students can add questions, comments, links, and keywords, and can highlight text.

 

The amount of information available on the web is bewildering. Curation is a good way of dealing with this. It is possible to co-located related resources and these can be shared with others.

 

Finally, file sharing tools can be used to share resources with specific people or make them available to anyone with a link. Some tools enable you to see how many people have viewed or downloaded resources. File sharing means that the resources can be accessed from anyway and is a good means of backup.  

 

Table Summary of how tools can be used to support different types of activities

Type of activity

Tools

Presentation

PowerPoint

Facebook live

Prezi

Google drive and classroom

Google slides

YouTube

TedEd

Communication

Skype

Twitter

WhatsApp

Tlk.io

Flipgrid

Google sheets

Collaboration

Kanban Trello

Google wiki

Brainstorming and concept mapping

Linoit

Padlet

Mindomo

coogle

Reflection

Wordpress

EduBlogger

Feedback

Annotated word files

Audio feedback

Assessment

E-portfolios: word, google drive, dropbox, pathbrite

Recording

iPhone

Audacity

Voicethread

Screen-o-matic

Voting

Facebook poll

Easypolls

Polleverywhere

Survey monkey

Kahoot

Annotation

Diigo

A.nnotate

Curation

Scoop.it

Pinterist

File sharing

Drop box

Slideshare

Google drive

 

Table 2 maps various tools to the 7Cs of Learning Design.

Table 2: Mapping the 7Cs to activities and tools

7Cs

Activity

Tools

Conceptualise

How to ruin a course

Linoit

Padlet

Mindomo

coggle

Personas

Word

Google drive

Create

Find and collate resources

Scoop.it

Pinterist

Diigo

Create resources

Powerpoint

Prezi

Google slides

YouTube

TedEd

iPhone audio or video

Audacity

Voicethread

Screen-o-matic

File sharing

Google drive or classroom

Dropbox

Slideshare

Communicate

Teacher-student(s)

Students- students

Students – broader community

Skype

Twitter

WhatsApp

Tlk-io

Google sheets

Collaborate

Joint project work

Group work management

Working up ideas

WhatsApp

Kanban Trello

Google wiki

Linoit

Padlet

Mindomo

coggle

Consider

Reflection

Wordpress or Edublogger

Feedback

Skype

Annotated word file

Audio feedback

A.nnotate

Voting

Facebook poll

Easypolls

Polleverywhere

Survey monkey

Combine

Activity profile

Complete the excel spreadsheet and take a picture of it

 

Storyboard

Powerpoint

Complete on a flipchart and take a picture of it

Consolidate

Feedback from learners

Easypolls

Polleverywhere

 

 

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