An augmented 7Cs of Learning Design framework


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I have recently been looking at Learning Design frameworks to see if they can be combined to form a holistic Learning Design framework. This builds on UNESCO’s four pillars of education: (learning to know, learning to do, learning to live together and learning to be). As well as Chickering and Gamson’s 7 principles of good teaching:

  • Encourage contact between students and faculty
  • Develop reciprocity and cooperation among students
  • Encourage active learning
  • Give prompt feedback
  • Emphasize time on task
  • Communicate high expectations
  • Respect diverse talents and ways of learning

The below is a collation of the various Learning Design frameworks, essentially this is an augmented 7Cs of Learning Design.



  • Resource audit

Communicate and collaborate




The plan is to trial the use of this augmented 7Cs of Learning Design framework in the retro-design of existing courses or the design of new courses.

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